In this HackerRank Variadic functions problem in C programming problem, you will implement three variadic functions named sum(), min(), and max() to calculate sums, minima, maxima of a variable number of arguments. The first argument passed to the variadic function is the count of the number of arguments, which is followed by the arguments themselves.


HackerRank Variadic functions in C problem solution

HackerRank Variadic functions in C problem solution

#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <time.h>

#define MIN_ELEMENT 1
#define MAX_ELEMENT 1000000

int  sum (int count,...) {
    va_list ap;
    int i, n;
    va_start(ap, count);
    n = 0;
    for (i=0;i<count;i++){
        n += va_arg(ap, int);
     }
    va_end(ap);
    return n;
}

int min(int count,...) {
    va_list ap;
    int i, current, minimum;
    va_start(ap, count);
    minimum = 1000001;
    for (i=0;i<count;i++){
        current = va_arg(ap, int);
        if (current < minimum)
            minimum = current;
    }
    va_end(ap);
    return minimum;

}

int max(int count,...) {
    va_list ap;
    int i, current, maximum;
    va_start(ap, count);
    maximum = 0;
    for (i=0;i<count;i++){
        current = va_arg(ap, int);   
        if (current > maximum)
            maximum = current;
    }
    va_end(ap);
    return maximum;

}
int test_implementations_by_sending_three_elements() {
    srand(time(NULL));
    
    int elements[3];
    
    elements[0] = rand() % (MAX_ELEMENT - MIN_ELEMENT + 1) + MIN_ELEMENT;
    elements[1] = rand() % (MAX_ELEMENT - MIN_ELEMENT + 1) + MIN_ELEMENT;
    elements[2] = rand() % (MAX_ELEMENT - MIN_ELEMENT + 1) + MIN_ELEMENT;
    
    fprintf(stderr, "Sending following three elements:\n");
    for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
        fprintf(stderr, "%d\n", elements[i]);
    }
    
    int elements_sum = sum(3, elements[0], elements[1], elements[2]);
    int minimum_element = min(3, elements[0], elements[1], elements[2]);
    int maximum_element = max(3, elements[0], elements[1], elements[2]);

    fprintf(stderr, "Your output is:\n");
    fprintf(stderr, "Elements sum is %d\n", elements_sum);
    fprintf(stderr, "Minimum element is %d\n", minimum_element);
    fprintf(stderr, "Maximum element is %d\n\n", maximum_element);
    
    int expected_elements_sum = 0;
    for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
        if (elements[i] < minimum_element) {
            return 0;
        }
        
        if (elements[i] > maximum_element) {
            return 0;
        }
        
        expected_elements_sum += elements[i];
    }
    
    return elements_sum == expected_elements_sum;
}

int test_implementations_by_sending_five_elements() {
    srand(time(NULL));
    
    int elements[5];
    
    elements[0] = rand() % (MAX_ELEMENT - MIN_ELEMENT + 1) + MIN_ELEMENT;
    elements[1] = rand() % (MAX_ELEMENT - MIN_ELEMENT + 1) + MIN_ELEMENT;
    elements[2] = rand() % (MAX_ELEMENT - MIN_ELEMENT + 1) + MIN_ELEMENT;
    elements[3] = rand() % (MAX_ELEMENT - MIN_ELEMENT + 1) + MIN_ELEMENT;
    elements[4] = rand() % (MAX_ELEMENT - MIN_ELEMENT + 1) + MIN_ELEMENT;
    
    fprintf(stderr, "Sending following five elements:\n");
    for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
        fprintf(stderr, "%d\n", elements[i]);
    }
    
    int elements_sum = sum(5, elements[0], elements[1], elements[2], elements[3], elements[4]);
    int minimum_element = min(5, elements[0], elements[1], elements[2], elements[3], elements[4]);
    int maximum_element = max(5, elements[0], elements[1], elements[2], elements[3], elements[4]);
    
    fprintf(stderr, "Your output is:\n");
    fprintf(stderr, "Elements sum is %d\n", elements_sum);
    fprintf(stderr, "Minimum element is %d\n", minimum_element);
    fprintf(stderr, "Maximum element is %d\n\n", maximum_element);
    
    int expected_elements_sum = 0;
    for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
        if (elements[i] < minimum_element) {
            return 0;
        }
        
        if (elements[i] > maximum_element) {
            return 0;
        }
        
        expected_elements_sum += elements[i];
    }
    
    return elements_sum == expected_elements_sum;
}

int test_implementations_by_sending_ten_elements() {
    srand(time(NULL));
    
    int elements[10];
    
    elements[0] = rand() % (MAX_ELEMENT - MIN_ELEMENT + 1) + MIN_ELEMENT;
    elements[1] = rand() % (MAX_ELEMENT - MIN_ELEMENT + 1) + MIN_ELEMENT;
    elements[2] = rand() % (MAX_ELEMENT - MIN_ELEMENT + 1) + MIN_ELEMENT;
    elements[3] = rand() % (MAX_ELEMENT - MIN_ELEMENT + 1) + MIN_ELEMENT;
    elements[4] = rand() % (MAX_ELEMENT - MIN_ELEMENT + 1) + MIN_ELEMENT;
    elements[5] = rand() % (MAX_ELEMENT - MIN_ELEMENT + 1) + MIN_ELEMENT;
    elements[6] = rand() % (MAX_ELEMENT - MIN_ELEMENT + 1) + MIN_ELEMENT;
    elements[7] = rand() % (MAX_ELEMENT - MIN_ELEMENT + 1) + MIN_ELEMENT;
    elements[8] = rand() % (MAX_ELEMENT - MIN_ELEMENT + 1) + MIN_ELEMENT;
    elements[9] = rand() % (MAX_ELEMENT - MIN_ELEMENT + 1) + MIN_ELEMENT;
    
    fprintf(stderr, "Sending following ten elements:\n");
    for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
        fprintf(stderr, "%d\n", elements[i]);
    }
    
    int elements_sum = sum(10, elements[0], elements[1], elements[2], elements[3], elements[4],
                           elements[5], elements[6], elements[7], elements[8], elements[9]);
    int minimum_element = min(10, elements[0], elements[1], elements[2], elements[3], elements[4],
                           elements[5], elements[6], elements[7], elements[8], elements[9]);
    int maximum_element = max(10, elements[0], elements[1], elements[2], elements[3], elements[4],
                           elements[5], elements[6], elements[7], elements[8], elements[9]);
    
    fprintf(stderr, "Your output is:\n");
    fprintf(stderr, "Elements sum is %d\n", elements_sum);
    fprintf(stderr, "Minimum element is %d\n", minimum_element);
    fprintf(stderr, "Maximum element is %d\n\n", maximum_element);
    
    int expected_elements_sum = 0;
    for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
        if (elements[i] < minimum_element) {
            return 0;
        }
        
        if (elements[i] > maximum_element) {
            return 0;
        }
        
        expected_elements_sum += elements[i];
    }
    
    return elements_sum == expected_elements_sum;
}

int main ()
{
    int number_of_test_cases;
    scanf("%d", &number_of_test_cases);
    
    while (number_of_test_cases--) {
        if (test_implementations_by_sending_three_elements()) {
            printf("Correct Answer\n");
        } else {
            printf("Wrong Answer\n");
        }
        
        if (test_implementations_by_sending_five_elements()) {
            printf("Correct Answer\n");
        } else {
            printf("Wrong Answer\n");
        }
        
        if (test_implementations_by_sending_ten_elements()) {
            printf("Correct Answer\n");
        } else {
            printf("Wrong Answer\n");
        }
    }
    
    return 0;
}